GENIOPLASTy

Genioplasty is the surgery, which helps in the reshaping of the chin. It is done to give symmetry to the whole face and can be combined with other interventions, e.g. Otoplasty, Face Lifting, Rhinoplasty etc.

Aesthetic applications

Correction of the symmetry of the face and especially of the profile.

What should be done pre / post operation

The Plastic Surgeon receives a complete history and photos of the person.

Approaching the surgery, the following are recommended:

  • Stop smoking 2 weeks preoperatively.
  • Stop taking aspirin-containing medicines or formulations 2 weeks before surgery.
  • Use of antibacterial facial cleanser 2 days before surgery, if the incision is to be performed externally.
  • Wash the mouth 3 times a day for 2 days prior to surgery, if it is to be an intrarectal incision.
  • Abstain from eating food and water for 8 hours before surgery.

Type of anesthesia

The above procedure is usually done with local anesthesia or general anesthesia, depending on whether it will be combined with some other type of surgery.

Stay in the hospital

After surgery, the person concerned should stay for a few hours in the hospital.

Surgical technique

Genioplasty can be done with two accesses, either through the oral cavity or with an external section to a point that goes unnoticed. After the local anesthesia is applied, a cut is made inside the mouth either in the area of the cap and the pocket to receive the insert is prepared. Place the appropriate insert after pre-operative calculations and then close the incision.
The duration of surgery is usually 30 minutes - 1 hour.

Post-operative instructions

  • Place a special pressure bandage for 4 days in the operating room.
  • Swelling and slight pain are expected in the first 4 days.
  • A light diet with soft foods is recommended about 7 days after surgery.
  • The mouth should be rinsed regularly with a special antiseptic solution after each gullet.
  • Return to work is possible 1 week after surgery.
  • The end result is visible after approximately 6 months.

Complications

Each surgery may have complications. Hematoma is avoided by proper surgical technique and discipline in postoperative instructions. You may feel weakness or numbness of the lower lip from injury or pressure of a nerve, but it returns quite soon. It is likely that inflammation of the insert will occur, which is treated with its removal. Other, more rare complications are the bone changes that the jaw may or may be experiencing.