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Genioplasty

What is Genioplasty surgery?

Genioplasty is a surgery for the reshaping of the chin. Genioplasty gives symmetry to the whole face and can be combined with other interventions, e.g., Otoplasty, Face Lifting, Rhinoplasty, etc.

Genioplasty – Aesthetic applications

Correction of the symmetry of the face and especially of the profile.

Genioplasty – What should be done pre/post-operation

The Plastic Surgeon receives a complete medical history and photos of the patient.

For the surgery, the following are recommended:

  • Stop smoking 2 weeks before the operation.
  • Stop taking aspirin-containing medicines or formulations 2 weeks before the operation.
  • Use antibacterial facial cleanser 2 days before surgery, if the incision is to be performed externally.
  • Wash your mouth 3 times a day for 2 days before surgery, if it is to be an  incision in the mouth.
  • Don’t eat food or drink water for 8 hours before surgery.

Genioplasty – Type of anesthesia

The procedure is done with local or general anesthesia, depending on whether it will be combined with some other type of surgery. After surgery, the person should stay for a few hours in the hospital for possible complications.

Genioplasty – Surgical technique

Genioplasty can be done with two medical methods, either

  • through the oral cavity or
  • with an external incision to a point that goes unnoticed after surgery.

 

After the local anesthesia is applied, a cut is made inside the mouth. Then the area of the cap and the pocket to receive the insert is prepared. After that, the surgeon applies the implant and then closes the incision. The duration of surgery is usually 30 minutes – 1 hour.

Genioplasty – Post-operative instructions

  • Place a special pressure bandage for 4 days after the surgery.
  • Swelling and slight pain are expected in the first 4 days.
  • A light diet is recommended for at least 7 days after surgery.
  • The mouth should be rinsed regularly with a special antiseptic solution after each meal.
  • The patient can return to work 1 week after surgery.
  • The final result is visible after approximately 6 months.

Genioplasty – Complications

Every type of surgery may have complications. Possible hematoma is avoided by proper surgical technique and discipline in post-operative instructions. The patient may feel weakness or numbness of the lower lip from possible injury or pressure of a nerve, but normal feeling returns quite soon. It is likely inflammation of the insert will occur, which is treated with its removal. More rare complications conclude bone changes of the jaw.

General Complications after surgery

  • Hematoma
  • Infection
  • Necrosis of the skin
  • Hypertrophic scars
  • Pulmonary embolism and vein thrombosis

This text may give rise to new questions. We are at your disposal for any other information.