Hypertrophic is a wide scar that is limited to the cut. Keloids are ugly scars that have escaped from the limits of the initial incision. They are usually prone, red, and itchy and are caused by an excessive reaction of the body to the trauma.
The size and depth of the wound, the thickness and color of the skin, the direction of the scar, in relation to the wrinkles of the skin of the body, as well as the localization of the scar, are the most important elements influencing its course of healing.
Injectable steroids are used on the scar area to reduce the formation of collagen fibers. The injections should be made once a month while the number of repetitions depends on the response of the wound to the treatment.
Several surgical correction techniques have been described. They are intended to reduce the keloid and not to extinct it. Keloids affect both sexes equally, although it has been observed that their occurrence is higher in young women than young men. Keloids are 15 times more common in colored people than in Caucasians.
Keloids as lesions are considered benign and are not contagious, but can sometimes cause severe itching, pain and changes in texture. In severe cases, it can affect the movement of the skin. They occur more often in the shoulder, décolleté, and lobe areas.
Complications in plastic surgery operations are not common but it is necessary to be aware of them at the first appointment.
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